Liquid Crystal twisted nematic polarization rotator (TN cell) is very useful when one wants to rotate the orientation of a linear polarization by a fix amount of typically 45° or 90°. When light is traversing LC twisted nematic cell its polarization follows the rotation of the molecules.The liquid crystal nematic cells have therefore a large acceptance angle, function over a very large spectral range from VIS to NIR (if they are thick enough) and are less expensive. Optionally, by applying a voltage on the TN cell, the polarization rotation can be “switched off”. Also when placing a 90° twisted cell between crossed polarizers it can be used as a shutter.
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